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The Advocates Society AIDWYC Criminal Lawyers Association Ontario Bar Association Toronto Lawyers Association Certified as a Specialist in Criminal Law by the Law Society of Upper Canada

Criminal Harassment Lawyer Toronto

Defending Criminal Harassment Charges in Toronto

Criminal harassment, or “stalking”, as it is commonly referred to, consists of repeated behaviour that has the intention of harassing, frightening, annoying, or other actions displaying obsessive and unwanted conduct directed towards another individual “without lawful authority”. For those facing harassment charges, it is important to hire an experienced criminal defence lawyer to defend against these types of allegations.

Daniel Brown is a criminal lawyer in Toronto who consistently achieves excellent results for his clients facing criminal harassment or other domestic related charges by employing a number of strategies which often result in his client’s charges being withdrawn by the prosecutor or dismissed in court by the judge.

For those facing domestic related harassment allegations, specific considerations apply. Please read my article on defending domestic charges to learn more about defending this category of cases. For more information about criminal harassment charges, please continue reading the frequently asked questions below.

Given his experience defending criminal harassment cases, Daniel Brown is often called upon by the media for comment on other criminal harassment cases in the news. See for example:

Frequently asked questions about criminal harassment:

What must the prosecutor prove in a criminal harassment case?

1) It must be established that the accused has engaged any of the following conduct:

  • repeatedly following the victim or someone known to the victim;
  • repeatedly communicating with the victim or someone known to the victim (either directly or indirectly);
  • watching or besetting a place where the victim or someone known to the victim lives, works, carries on business or “happens to be”; or
  • Employing “threatening conduct” towards the victim or a member of the victim’s family.

2) It must be established that the complainant was harassed;

3) It must be established that the accused who engaged in such conduct knew that the complainant was harassed or was reckless or willfully blind as to whether the complainant was harassed;

4) It must be established that the conduct caused the complainant to fear for her safety or the safety of anyone known to her; and

5) It must be established that the complainant’s fear was, in all of the circumstances, reasonable.

Must the prosecutor prove that the complainant suffered some harm to constitute harassment?

The Crown need not establish that the complainant was actually threatened, or that any actual injury – either physical or mental – was caused to the complainant as a result of the accused’s conduct.

What does “repeatedly” following or communicating mean?

“Repeatedly” means “many times over”, specifically more than once or twice. The conduct must be overly frequent in all the circumstances. Whether the conduct is overly frequent is a matter of fact to be determined by the court on a case by case basis. There is no hard and fast rule as to what will in every case, numerically at least, constitute conduct which is overly frequent.

What type of conduct will meet the definition of criminal harassment?

“Harassment” means the conduct must be unwelcome to the complainant, and includes an element of tormenting the complainant; engaging in a course of vexatious comment or conduct that is known or ought reasonably to be known to be unwelcome. Harassment must be something more than simply annoying someone.

How does the court assess whether the complainant’s fear is “reasonable”?

The test for reasonable fear on the part of the complainant involves an inquiry into whether a reasonable person, in the particular circumstances of the complainant, would fear for his or her safety or the safety of anyone known to him or her.

In considering whether the complainant’s fears are reasonably held, the court must take into consideration the complainant’s gender, and the history and circumstances surrounding the prior relationship between the accused and the complainant.

What is a defence to harassment?

The Criminal Code specifically requires that the harassment be without “lawful authority”. Therefore, if someone has a lawful reason to contact another person such as to enforce a civil debt or family court order etc., they would not be guilty of criminal harassment.

What are the penalties for criminal harassment?

A person convicted of criminal harassment could face up to 10 years in prison. A conviction for criminal harassment may also lead to a criminal record, fines, probation and/or a restraining order being placed against them not to contact the victim of the harassment. In some cases, it is possible to avoid jail and a criminal record even if a person is found guilty of harassment. The nature of the offence and the personal circumstances of the offender will be considered by the judge at the sentencing hearing.

If you have recently been charged with criminal harassment, contact Daniel Brown to arrange a consultation at (416) 297-7200.